The Covid-19 pandemic caused hundreds of thousands of deaths and exacerbated the crisis of drug overdose, homicide, and some chronic diseases. Life expectancy in the United States in 2020 has dropped by 1.5 years.
Atlanta, GA (Merxwire) – According to a report from CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics, the life expectancy of Americans has dropped to 77.3 years in 2020, mainly due to the new coronavirus. This is roughly the same level as in 2003, and it is also the largest decline since World War II when life expectancy fell by 2.9 years between 1942 and 1943.
“I myself had never seen a change this big except in the history books,” said Elizabeth Arias, a demographer at the CDC’s National Center for Health Statistics and lead author of the report.
Most experts believe that the full loss of the pandemic remains to be seen because Covid-19 has not stopped spreading. During the pandemic, many people delay treatment due to diseases such as diabetes or high blood pressure, endure isolation and stress, or interrupt their normal diet and exercise programs. The pandemic affects people’s lives in all directions.
The pandemic was the third leading cause of death in the United States in 2020. The other two causes are cardiovascular disease and cancer. In addition, last year’s homicides, diabetes, and liver disease deaths also contributed to a decline in life expectancy. The pandemic blockade and economic recession have led to an increase in homicides in big cities.
The pandemic’s disproportionate toll on communities of color also widened existing gaps in life expectancy between White and Black Americans. For African Americans, life expectancy dropped by 2.9 years from 74.7 years in 2019 to 71.8 in 2020.
Hispanic Americans experienced the greatest decline in life expectancy during the pandemic, from 81.8 years in 2019 to 78.8 years in 2020. Hispanic men had the largest decline, dropping by 3.7 years, and their life expectancy was 75.3 years.
Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows that the increase in drug overdose deaths is also a factor in the decline in life expectancy. More than 93,000 people died from a drug overdose in 2020, an increase of nearly 30% from 2019. Compared with the past 12 months, the number of drug overdose deaths in ten states is expected to increase by at least 40%.
“This is the highest number of overdose deaths ever recorded in a 12-month period, and the largest increase since at least 1999,” Dr. Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, told NPR.
“This has been an incredibly uncertain and stressful time for many people, and we are seeing an increase in drug consumption, difficulty in accessing lifesaving treatments for substance use disorders, and a tragic rise in overdose deaths.”
The pandemic has hit the world, and the epidemic has not stopped, and more than 100 countries have suffered losses. As of 2 pm on July 23, 2021, Taiwan time, according to Worldometer database statistics, there are 193,429,183 confirmed cases worldwide and 4,151,729 deaths. In the global village, each country’s blockade policy and communication measures are important to stop the pandemic jointly.